Treatment of Heart Valve Disease

In some cases, instead of poor circulation in the arteries, the problem is with the valves that connect the four chambers of the heart, which can either become too narrow so that blood cannot pass through or become unable to close fully, leading to leaking of blood in the opposite direction of proper circulation. In severe cases, an open-heart or a minimally invasive repair or replacement of the heart valve is performed.  Repair of the valve uses the existing heart tissue in the patient, such as tightening a valve that is too wide open. Replacement of the valve takes out the native heart valve and implants an artificial valve made of heart tissue or of metal.